Temporary Expert – Update as of November 6

I did material research, and need to speak with people at ITP who have made their own bio-friendly materials. I’m open to suggestions.

I also contacted the U.N.’s teams that manage campaigns around the Sustainable Development Goals through several channels.

I’ve been feeling under the weather for almost an entire week, so I have loose ideas of an audience and poster.

I’m thinking the audience could be found at a public library. I’m looking to meet people who are already open to ideas, and with just a little push, they might think differently because of my project, which afterwards may lead to different actions. It seems I can find these people at a library?? I’ve also found success there already.

As for a poster, if I had lots of time, I could make a set out of bioplastics. I wonder how plant dye behaves as ink on bioplastic? Beyond the materiality, the message needs to communicate that the changes we need to make in 12 years are sobering but actually exciting.

Temporary Expert – Update as of Oct 30

As you read below, you can click links to read my in-depth notes in my website of sorts in google drive.

This last week was very busy doing the seven day practice. It is a very effective strategy. I see it almost like performing lab experiments, with the ability to control for different aspects or introduce new variables as I went.

Arthava and Beverly building a system to capture energy from tides in the Rockaways. Energy would be plugged into the grid for homeowners to use.

My seven day practice involved facilitating interactions with one person or people in pairs. I now can see I moved from concept testing to prototype testing. This may have led to two possible outputs for my project:  a workshop template and an installation.

For concept testing, I showed people the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals with a different physical or visual analogy each time.  I was testing how people responded to the goals, and if introducing a different analogy each time changed how they make decisions in my workshop activities. These felt like workshops that could possibly go fit into a classroom setting.

For prototype testing, I moved to more of an installation setting where people interact with what I’ve built but I am not necessarily there for every moment. I hope to do more of these. I’m trying to find out how people respond when I put my concepts into different forms, materials and epistemologies. This type of approach feels more like a pop-up installation or a more artistic installation at a UN event or local community affected by climate change.

Aletha interacting with a prototype that asks people to allocate energy between now and future generations.

When it came to user testing, I found myself unable to be so extroverted so many days in a row.  On the day I didn’t have a new visual analogies to test, I found a convenient excuse to skip testing with other people. This made me feel a bit bad but I did do a lot of research, which paid off with new visual or physical metaphors to pursue.

In response to my natural inclinations during Topic #1, I tried to put more effort into testing materials and visual analogies this week. In the end, I probably did more visual analogy and concept testing. But in my mind, this is the best order to go in? Once I settle on the concepts and visual analogies that people respond to, I can test different materials and epistemologies. This is me possibly putting of materials again, though.

I also filled out milestones and completed a significant chunk of research, including reading most of the relevant parts of the UN’s IPCC’s report and a bunch of other interesting articles. I followed up with scientists who worked on the UN climate change report and live in the US. I have a meeting with someone who worked on a new climate change installation at the American Museum of Natural History.

Temporary Expert – Topic #2 Blog Links and Updates

As for updates, you can read about…

  • How I’ve put all of my blog posts in online documents here. I find it a lot easier to manage this than my blog. Plus I can use the doc’s comments feature to write down next steps or unanswered questions.
  • Who I’ve asked for informational interviews.
  • My very full are.na mood board for content research.
  • My empty are.na mood board for materials research. I will work on this. But at least I have these two separate tracks set up.
  • My research notes. I reread Lakoff’s Metaphors We Live By and got myself oriented within the IPCC report.

I still need to do these things, but really want to…

  • Set my milestones.
  • Watch Donella Meadows video.
  • Make a crazy sketch.
  • Audio record a two-minute interview with a working participant / non-climate change expert and write two sentences on how what they said could affect/impact your topic, and to post both interview and your response.
  • Did I already did this part here, or this is something different?: State your intent, craft a question.

You can also click around my progress using this link or by clicking on the image below.

Temporary Expert – Topic #2 Intentions and Goals

The topic you choose should:

  • Identify a problem, to which your design is a relevant response (the problem can be grounded in /focused on a subject that is historical, political, social, physical, biological, climatological, economic, etc). From this problematic topic you will design a project that can contribute to change, or offer a participating public critical consideration and new insights.

Climate change is a problem that is tied to other major human concerns, such as racism, poverty, health, and decent work. I was inspired by the United Nations’ 17 Sustainable Development Goals and their climate change panel’s recent report about terrible climate change by 2040 unless we change all market economics at an unprecedented scale in the next ten years. The panel seems to be saying in their report that mitigating climate change can positively influence other Sustainable Development Goals. I found this framework to be helpful for some reason – it makes stopping climate change seem more feasible because people are going to be motivated by at least one of those 17 goals.

  • Start with a question (hypothesis) and design ways to test it

In what ways might addressing climate change from a lens of the UN’s sustainable development goals help people tackle huge problems in the next ten years?

  • Require a consideration of media, audience, and outcomes (theory of change)

By using research in my creative process, creating media and/or physical forms for a specific audience to interact with…

I will accomplish a set of outcomes, or a theory of change.  For example, an outcome might be I might hope to get people to engage with climate change longer than they do on a typical day. A theory of change might be that by engaging with my crazy ITP project, people are more likely to change how they think about climate change.

  • Engage actively with a public (participation, feedback, co-creation)

A public will engage with my piece some how, some way. My research and testing will lead me there!

 

You are required to address each of these points on your blog:

  • Set your intentions (what are you setting out to do?)

To see if I can make stopping climate change seem approachable to people.

To see if I can give people more ways to be motivated to stop climate change.

  • Set your goals (personal learning objectives)

I want to learn more about the UN’s sustainable development goals, and how the UN sees climate change interlinked with those.

I want to interview someone from the I.P.C.C. panel, or a similar group, about the IPCC’s report that just came out.

I want to research mediums and form factors that allow looking at one thing from different angles, revealing different layers depending on the tool you use, reshaping the same form.

Maybe my research will lead me to different approaches to mediums and form factors, too.

  • Hypothesis: what are you asking?

Can a research-based interactive project help people personally engage with climate change?

  • Method: How will you test it?

I could do an artistic-based baseline study, and ask people in different locations how often they think about climate change. What they do or don’t do about it.

And then ask people what they think after engaging with my piece, and/or a week later, too.

  • Epistemologies: what ‘ways of knowing” are you employing? How experimental and open can you be in your research of material and form?

I’d definitely like to be more experimental with the material and form of my Topic #2 than my Topic #1. I can build in milestones to have researched and tried different materials and forms at the same time I am researching about my topic.

  • Results: what goals will you have for your ideation

That people can engage and participate my project. That I prototype something that could be done at scale.

Maybe it’s something they can take and share with other people?

  • Contexts: where do you see this work existing?

Maybe in the mail or drop off points.

Maybe in a public space where a lot of trash is thrown out.

  • Public(s): who will you make this work for/with?

I need to think about this more. I could think of moments in the day when someone might be participating in climate change and poverty, but doesn’t know it. My project could intersect at this point.

  • Documentation: use the suggested template (on the student blog page) for tracking your work threads,  or design your own.

Temporary Expert – Reflection on Energy Field Guide

For the first project in Temporary Expert, we each created an Energy Field Guide on a randomly assigned form of energy. Mine was plant-based diet. Other people worked on nuclear energy, electromagnetic energy, human biopower, and tonglen breathing, among other topics.

You can see a draft of my field guide here. The overall message is that you can control huge energy systems with a more plant-based diet. You can eat less meat or no meat, and in the process, be part of using less land, water, and energy that otherwise unchecked is environmentally unsustainable.

We spent about three weeks researching, a week interviewing a working participant in our field, and a week or so producing the final guide.

Here are a few reflections on the process.

  • What did you learn?  What was inspiring? What parts?

I found it satisfying to go beyond the topic of plant-based diets to include many other kinds of energy, such as land, water and power. After discussing systems-thinking in class, I found it more intuitive to make this leap. It was also out of self-preservation of my personal interest in the topic, as I did not want to repeat common knowledge about vegetables being healthy for you. Expanding my topic helped me stay engaged, and I hope does the same for other people, too.

On a larger scale, I was inspired to find that my research is part of recently heightened conversation around climate change. Over the years, there have been many articles, reports and studies about food production and climate change. But in the last two weeks, two significant reports came out. One was published by the United Nation’s panel on climate change, and the other report by a group in the science journal Nature.  Taken together, they say that humans have 10 years to change how markets work to prevent catastrophic climate change by 2040, and that global food production is not environmentally sustainable unless people eat less or no meat. I was more prepared to read the reports without feeling depressed because of my field guide research.

Coincidentally (because my energy topic was randomly assigned), I had also recently stopped eating meat myself, after reading “Eating Animals” by Jonathan Safran Foer (a book that influenced me and many others to rethink eating so much meat). Therefore, my topic found me to be a receptive candidate for further research into diet. I also felt optimistic about whether people would really change their diet based on what they read. I had done it.

As for creating the field guide itself, I had two minds about it. Either I felt like a natural, or I felt trapped by myself.

As a natural, I could feel my years of professionally honing language for non-profit programs quickly come back to me. What can be said to invite someone be part of something they’ve never done before? You can’t make people care for a reason that’s totally new reason to them. But you also can’t tell them something they’ve heard a million times. What do they already care about? What new perspective haven’t they heard yet? Another lesson came in handy from the past. You can’t make someone change. But what you can and should do is assume they are in a position of empowerment over their life, whether now or later, and that at any moment in the right circumstances, they can choose to see something in a new possibility for themselves and the group. All of these balance points played out in my mind as I structured the field guide and wrote down the copy.

In the moments I felt trapped, I felt like “of COURSE I would make something that looks like this.” The style, tone, and format were all within my comfort zone. I did not feel like I created something that intentionally used an existing genre or format outside my own personal taste, that made an interesting contrast or further supported the content of the field guide. I had considered using a women’s magazine travel guide checklist, like the one below. But with the time we had, and my existing skills and tools, I wasn’t sure marrying this structure with my research would land for the reader. It might work for a different energy topic.

In the end, I did make a field guide in which the genre or format does match the research I gathered and my organization of the content — it’s just something that I would totally make. I’ve created a handmade, collaged, coherent and comfortable jumble of text and visual hierarchies that come across as trusty, friendly, warm, cynical but optimistic, and open for the reader to think for themselves. I now much more admire people who are able to work within many visual communication languages.

  • How did you manage your time? Could you realistically improve that? What would you do differently in general?

I managed my time no better or worse than usual, in that I was able to pace myself the weeks leading up to it but also spent a good amount of time producing the final piece the two days beforehand. One thing that really mattered was being able to talk with someone about a couple conundrums in the moment. For example, I was stuck on which visual thread would tie together all of the pages. In hindsight it seems simple, but I really had to hammer out with someone else how there would be individual hands for the first three spreads regarding what you can directly control, and then increasing numbers of people for the energies you control together with others. I also had to talk out loud for a while about what the title of the field guide would be. I felt like I was in Mad Men, throwing around ad campaign copy ideas. Next time I would embrace that I’ll need to talk out loud about conundrums, and plan to be near people to do so.

  • What feedback did you receive?

Overall I’ve heard that people enjoy it, and want to share it with other people. But those are people who I know… when I have a final copy, I’ll share it with people who I don’t know. After talking about distribution possibilities, I’ll make a final user testing plan to get a last round of feedback.

  • How did you balance research and experimentation? Which is easier? How can you focus more on the areas that you shy away from?

I did not experiment with visual ideas until I had my research in a good place, as I felt more confident allowing form to follow content.  Also, producing images or fabricating physical forms can take a lot of time. Typically, I spend more time thinking, writing, sketching and talking out loud with others to consider or eliminate which images or form factors will best support the goals and message of a project. I don’t usually think through my ideas by producing more drafted images or forms.

However, looking back, I can see the brief moments where I could have practiced putting my developing research into different genres or form factors. This might have influenced the direction of my research in an interesting way.  I could make time to do this with Topic #2.

Temporary Expert – Research for Plant-Based Diets as a form of Energy

Update as of September 18th:

I’ve gathered more research (see very bottom) thanks to Marion Nestle’s incredible and very active blog “Food Politics“. Nestle is an academic at NYU who specializes in the politics of food and dietary choice.

I’m beginning to think my Energy Field Guide on Plant-Based Diets will be focused on using one’s diet to contribute to preventing climate change by choosing how one participates in many kinds of energy that are part of the U.S. food production system.

My field guide might have entries with a multi-layered taxonomy: 1) A thing or location 2) a Higher Concept that is a Form of Energy 3) a Feasible Alternative Reality.

For example my field guide will suggest you take your guide and do these things.

  • Go to Whole Foods owned by Amazon (Taxonomy: Thing/Location)
  • In order to learn about Capitalism (Taxonomy: Higher Concept / Form of Energy)
  • And consider participating in an alternative solution like a grocery store cooperative that buys from local farms and mission-aligned companies (Taxonomy: Feasible Alternative Possibilities).

Or

  • Pick up the container for the last thing you ate (Taxonomy: Thing/Location)
  • In order to learn about Food Labeling & Consumer Choice (Taxonomy: Topic / Form of Energy).
  • To imagine being able to see a second label reporting how much environmental energy was required to make that single serving.

These don’t have to do with plant-based diets yet…. but I will orient the field guide user by beginning with two introductory entries about plant-based vs meat-based diets, and all the energy forms they participate in.

 


Update as of September 11th:

My Energy Field Guide topic is “Plant-Based Diet”. This topic can quickly become about US food production, and how we prioritize land, water and energy.  I now see a plant-based diet as a way to individually influence energy management nationally, and to directly control my own body’s energy.

Below is my draft of a systems map. I’m considering a focus on one system component of “decision-making systems” related to the Plant-Based Diet.  Who decides what about diets and food production, and what is within their control? The individual, the restaurant, the grocery store, the government, advocacy groups, etc.?

Everything is so interlinked. I can see the challenge of having to really force oneself to remove sub-topics from your focus in order to really communicate a message. And within eating habits, US food production, and energy management, removing topics may in the end undermine the ability for someone else reading my Field Guide to find a compelling argument to reconsider their own diet. A decision like changing what you eat relies on many influences. But ultimately the reason why  one person changes their food habits is different from the next person.

Further below are my list of answered and unanswered questions.

And lastly, I include a list of links that I’ve read or not yet read.


Systems Thinking Map

Plant-Based Diets (several kinds)

vs what exactly?

  • Meat-Based Diet.
  • Different types of plant-based diets.
  • Fasting.
  • What else

Energy –  Four forms:

  • In the form of land, water and energy (“natural resources” // more abstractly, properties of matter that manifest as capacities to perform work
  • Converted into plant-based food (grass (“forage”), grains) What about insects?
  • Converted into US livestock (chickens, dairy cows, beef cows, turkeys, lamb)
  • Converted into animal products (eggs, chicken, milk, beef, turkey, lamb)
  • Converted into human energy (calories, protein, nutrients // strength & vitality // physical or mental powers // properties of matter that manifest as capacities to perform work)

Human population

World population

US population

Livestock populations – in US and in World

US Food Production System

World Production System

Environment

Natural Resources

Land

Water

Energy

Fossil Fuels

  • Coal
  • Oil
  • Natural gas

Non-fossil fuels (is this renewable energy? or specifically what is this?)

  • Wind
  • Sun
  • Water
  • What else

Sustainable

Renewable

…The opposite of sustainable – “one time use” … what are the common phrases for this?

Food consumption

  • Human culture, comfort, taste, habits
  • Socioeconomic status (allows different purchasing powers and access)
  • Obesity, diabetes
  • Whatelse

Types of Food

  • Plants
  • Grains (different than plants? do legumes and soy count?)
  • Animal products
  • Sweets and Fats
  • “Fake meat” like Seitan Meats, Beyond Burger and Impossible Burger
  • What else

Food Shopping

  • Different kinds of grocery stores
  • CSAs
  • Park Slope Food Coop
  • Your own garden
  • What else

Jobs

  • Long list
  • What is employment in US Food Production, and what % of that is total jobs in the country?

Efficiency

Waste

Higher or lower energy & protein content

Direct costs vs indirect costs

  • Direct costs
    • Production of the harvest animal or plant or grain
  • Indirect costs
    • “Maintaining breeding herds”
    • Environmental – overuse of lands, uncontrollable animal waste, C02, toxins in the land and water, poor health of humans and animals nearby

Pesticides

Toxins

Human and Animal health issues

Morality

Ethics

Stakeholders

  • Consumers
  • Citizens
  • Food companies
  • Policy makers
  • Researchers
  • Journalists
  • Bloggers
  • City, state, federal government central offices and agencies
  • Animal rights groups
  • Environmental groups
  • Plants, grains, and animals themselves
  • Who else?

Decision-making systems

  • Elections of people to political office
  • Research committees who approve or deny new research
  • Consumer choice
  • Food stamps policy?
  • What else?

 

 

Answered Questions

Q: What share of energy used by US food production comes from fossil fuels?

A: “The share of U.S. food-system energy from fossil fuels was 93 percent”

January 2017 USDA Report: https://www.ers.usda.gov/webdocs/publications/82194/err-224.pdf?v=42804

Q: What is fossil fuel?

A: Energy that is “one-time use” and therefore not renewable within a human timescale. Is formed by natural processes that take millions of years (e.g. 650 million years). There are mainly three kinds of fossil fuel: coal, petroleum/oil, and natural gas.

Unanswered Questions

Q: What makes up that remaining 7% – what are the examples food production companies using non-fossil fuel energy?

Q: How much of food policy is politicized? Is there much of a difference in opinion among stakeholders as to whether there are problems or not?

Q: Which research journals are neutral, liberal, or conservative? Reports from policy groups? Government agencies?

Q: Who agrees with Pimentel, the author of the linked report? I have to check again, but he seems to mostly reference his own research in his footnotes. Is this common?

Q: Why doesn’t Pimentel explain fossil fuels, and whether they are good or bad? There is no explanation which makes the research appear biased.

Q: The report brings up world and U.S. population growth. In particular, U.S. population growth over the next 70 years is presented as extreme. But how does this compare to the amount of livable land available in the U.S.? And how does this ratio compare to other regions in the world?  The U.S. experienced huge immigration on top of native peoples living here, which naturally would increase its population over its 242 year history.

Q: The report makes a good point that U.S. food production uses up large percentages of land, water, and energy. It also implies this production is mainly eaten by Americans. Is this true? What about food imports?  And what about food being exported to other countries?  Would either of these increase the problem?

 

 

 

To Read:

Marion Nestle’s Blog (Food Professor at NYU)

Tagged “Climate Change”

https://www.foodpolitics.com/2008/12/agriculture-and-climate-change/

Eat meat and reduce carbon emissions. How? Feed cattle on grass.

Eat less meat: more evidence from climate change and health

USDA Secretary issues guiding principles for farm bill

World Resources Institute report

The U.K. food industry fights labeling efforts, successfully

Milan Food Expo: A highly preliminary assessment

Meat arguments: health, climate, taxes

Livestock and Climate Change?

 

Tagged “Sustainability”

Livestock and Climate Change?

Agroecology: it’s the hot issue in agriculture, but what does it mean?

Rotating crops in Iowa–a better way to farm

What ag schools really need to teach: a report

Weekend reading: a how-to for sustainable food systems (again)

World Resources Institute report

The bizarre saga of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines: Continued

Weekend reading: Grass (the green kind)

 

Searched for “Power”

Weekend reading: Concentration and Power in the Food System

Proposition 37 take-home lesson: the power of money in politics

https://www.foodpolitics.com/2018/08/weekend-reading-overcoming-barriers-to-the-sustainable-development-goals/

The French food industry v. public health: front-of-package label

Weekend action: Advocating for organics (Toolkit!)

Farm Bill #1: Earl Blumenauer’s bill

 

Search for “Capitalism”

Weekend Reading: Seven Cheap Things

Weekend Reading: Foodie’s Guide to Capitalism

Amazon’s purchase of Whole Foods: a roundup

 

Marion Nestle’s Books

Unsavory Truth: How Food Companies Skew the Science of What We Eat

Eat, Drink, Vote: An Illustrated Guide to Food Politics

Why Calories Count: From Science to Politics

What to Eat

Safe Food: The Politics of Food Safety

Food Politics: How the Food Industry Influences Nutrition and Health

 

Blog post about how much animal diets are based on oil/fossil fuels : http://www.onegreenplanet.org/environment/how-fossil-fuels-are-used-to-produce-meat/

http://web.mit.edu/dusp/dusp_extension_unsec/reports/polenske_ag_energy.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2935130/

 

https://www.ucsusa.org/clean_energy/smart-energy-solutions/increase-renewables/renewable-energy-and.html#.W5XfDZNKjMI